Inducing and reducing false memories: A Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm

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Abstract

Participants tend to falsely remember a nonpresented critical word after having studied a list of the word's primary associates. We present here a Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, which provides a tractable method of experimentally inducing and investigating such illusory memories. In Experiment 1 it was demonstrated that the constructed stimulus material induced highly reliable false-recall and false-recognition effects, and, moreover, that veridical and false memories were associated with a similar phenomenological experience of remembering. The results from Experiment 2 indicated that the susceptibility to false recognition can be substantially reduced when participants are explicitly required to monitor the sources of their memories. These findings are consistent with predictions derived from the source-monitoring framework.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology

Keywords

  • Mental Recall, Male, Suggestion, Illusions, Female, Human, Adult, recognition, suggestion, recall, randomization, source monitoring adult, False memories, memory illusion, defense mechanism, article, Repression, Recognition (Psychology), Random Allocation, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, illusion, male, female, human
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-383
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume43
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes