Influence from fuel type on the performance of an air-blown cyclone gasifier

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Abstract

Entrained flow gasification of biomass using the cyclone principle has been proposed in combination with a gas engine as a method for combined heat and power production in small to medium scale (<20 MW).
This type of gasifier also has the potential to operate using ash rich fuels since the reactor temperature is lower than the ash melting temperature and the ash can be separated after being collected at the bottom of the cyclone. The purpose of this work was to assess the fuel flexibility of cyclone gasification by performing tests with five different types of fuels; torrefied spruce, peat, rice husk, bark and wood. All of the fuels were dried to below 15% moisture content and milled to a powder with a maximum particle size of around 1 mm. The experiments were carried out in a 500 kWth pilot gasifier with a 3-step gas cleaning process consisting of a multi-cyclone for removal of coarse particles, a bio-scrubber for tar removal and a wet electrostatic precipitator for removal of fine particles and droplets from the oil scrubber (aerosols). The lower heating value (LHV) of the clean producer gas was 4.09, 4.54, 4.84 and 4.57 MJ/Nm3 for
peat, rice husk, bark and wood, respectively, at a fuel load of 400 kW and an equivalence ratio of 0.27. Torrefied fuel was gasified at an equivalence ratio of 0.2 which resulted in a LHV of 5.75 MJ/Nm3 which
can be compared to 5.50 MJ/Nm3 for wood powder that was gasified at the same equivalence ratio. A particle sampling system was designed in order to collect ultrafine particles upstream and downstream
the gasifier cleaning device. The results revealed that the gas cleaning successfully removed >99.9% of the particulate matter smaller than 1 lm.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Keywords

  • Cyclone gasification, Biomass, Scrubber Electrostatic precipitator, Multi-cyclone
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-759
JournalFuel
Volume116
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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