Influence of microclimate on the effect of green roofs in Southern Brazil – A study coupling outdoor and indoor thermal simulations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A comprehensive understanding of the effect of green roofs on the indoor thermal comfort, under different microclimates, will help to identify key design aspects. In this study, which is the first of its kind in Brazil, the indoor thermal comfort for two different types of roofs, under different microclimates in Porto Alegre in Southern Brazil, have been compared. Coupled simulations using ENVI-met and EnergyPlus linked calculations of outdoor microclimate and indoor thermal comfort. The site was approximately 100 m by 100 m with 24 one-story, naturally ventilated semi-detached houses with an area of 39 m2. One of the houses, located approximately in the middle of the site, represented the building scale. In the original site (with no tree shadings), the substitution of the ceramic by the green roof led to an increase of 9.1% of the time within the thermal comfort zone. This study helps to bridge the current gap between thermal simulations in different scales. Moreover, this investigation concluded that green roofs performed better when in a green environment: for the summer season, with trees partially shading the roof, the green roof resulted in a reduction of the maximum operative temperature by 4.3 °C, whereas for the site without trees, the reduction was 2.8 °C.


External organisations
  • Federal University of Pelotas
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology


  • Coupled simulations, EnergyPlus, ENVI-met, Extensive green roofs, Housing projects, Indoor thermal comfort, Microclimate
Original languageEnglish
Article number110963
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch