Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Standard

Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. / Ito, Takamasa; Yuan, Jinliang; Sundén, Bengt.

Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2007. p. 15-24.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Harvard

Ito, T, Yuan, J & Sundén, B 2007, Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. in Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), pp. 15-24, 7th ASME/JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, 2007, Vancouver, Canada, 2007/07/08. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32258

APA

Ito, T., Yuan, J., & Sundén, B. (2007). Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. In Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2 (pp. 15-24). American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32258

CBE

Ito T, Yuan J, Sundén B. 2007. Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. In Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). pp. 15-24. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32258

MLA

Ito, Takamasa, Jinliang Yuan, and Bengt Sundén "Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems". Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2007, 15-24. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32258

Vancouver

Ito T, Yuan J, Sundén B. Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. In Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2007. p. 15-24 https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32258

Author

Ito, Takamasa ; Yuan, Jinliang ; Sundén, Bengt. / Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems. Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2. American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2007. pp. 15-24

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Influence of pressure drop in PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balances in 100 KW systems

AU - Ito, Takamasa

AU - Yuan, Jinliang

AU - Sundén, Bengt

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell systems have been studied as the alternatives of the internal combustion engine systems. However, these systems are not appearing in daily life yet, due to the high cost, shortage of infrastructure, technical issues, etc. Concerning technical issues, water/thermal management is a critical one to keep high proton conductivity in the electrolyte membrane for the design of PEM fuel cell systems. Therefore, the heat and mass balances in the PEM fuel cell system have been studied for a long time. However, the influence of stack design on the power and heat generation have not been deeply discussed yet. In this study, influence of the pressure drop and maldistribution in a PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balance in the 100 kW systems was studied. It has been found the heat load in the radiator is reduced by the consideration of the pressure drop in the stack. This is because of the reduction of the water condensation in the stack. The amount of heat, which is reduced in the radiator, is mostly shifted to the condenser for the water recovery. As a conclusion, it can be argued that, by involving the influence of pressure drop in the stack, the amount of heat load in the radiator is reduced about 5%. This is mostly due to less water condensation in the stack. This reduced heat is shifted to the condenser. It corresponds to about 10 % increase in the heat load in the condenser. The design of the radiator and condenser must consider this shift in heat load due to the pressure drop in the stack.

AB - Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell systems have been studied as the alternatives of the internal combustion engine systems. However, these systems are not appearing in daily life yet, due to the high cost, shortage of infrastructure, technical issues, etc. Concerning technical issues, water/thermal management is a critical one to keep high proton conductivity in the electrolyte membrane for the design of PEM fuel cell systems. Therefore, the heat and mass balances in the PEM fuel cell system have been studied for a long time. However, the influence of stack design on the power and heat generation have not been deeply discussed yet. In this study, influence of the pressure drop and maldistribution in a PEM fuel cell stack on the heat and mass balance in the 100 kW systems was studied. It has been found the heat load in the radiator is reduced by the consideration of the pressure drop in the stack. This is because of the reduction of the water condensation in the stack. The amount of heat, which is reduced in the radiator, is mostly shifted to the condenser for the water recovery. As a conclusion, it can be argued that, by involving the influence of pressure drop in the stack, the amount of heat load in the radiator is reduced about 5%. This is mostly due to less water condensation in the stack. This reduced heat is shifted to the condenser. It corresponds to about 10 % increase in the heat load in the condenser. The design of the radiator and condenser must consider this shift in heat load due to the pressure drop in the stack.

U2 - 10.1115/HT2007-32258

DO - 10.1115/HT2007-32258

M3 - Paper in conference proceeding

SN - 0-7918-4275-4

SP - 15

EP - 24

BT - Proceedings of 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, vol 2

PB - American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

T2 - 7th ASME/JSME Thermal Engineering and Summer Heat Transfer Conference, 2007

Y2 - 8 July 2007 through 12 July 2007

ER -