Inhibition of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Enhances Anti-tumour Immune Responses in Rats Immunized with IFN-gamma-Secreting Glioma Cells.

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Abstract

Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) has successfully been used in immunotherapy of different experimental tumours. Mechanistically, IFN-gamma has extensive effects on the immune system including release of nitric oxide (NO) by upregulation of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). NO has putative immunosuppressive effects but could also play a role in killing of tumour cells. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to clarify whether inhibition of iNOS in rats immunized with glioma cells (N32) producing IFN-gamma (N32-IFN-gamma), could enhance the anti-tumour immune response. Initially, both a selective iNOS, L-N-6-(I-Iminoethyl)-L-lysine (L-NIL), and non-selective, N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), inhibitor of NOS were tested in vitro. After polyclonal stimulation with LPS and SEA, both L-NIL and L-NAME enhanced proliferation and production of IFN-gamma from activated rat splenocytes and this effect was inversely correlated to the production of NO. However, L-NIL had a broader window of efficacy and a lower minimal effective dose. When rats were immunized with N32-IFN-gamma), and administered NOS inhibitors by intraperitoneal (i.p.) mini-osmotic pumps, only splenocytes of rats treated with L-NIL, but not L-NAME, displayed an enhanced proliferation and production of IFN-gamma when re-stimulated with N32 tumour cells. Based on these findings, L-NIL was administered concurrently with N32-IFN-gamma cells to rats with intracerebral (i.c.) tumours resulting in a prolonged survival. These results show that inhibition of iNOS can enhance an IFN-gamma-based immunotherapy of experimental i.c. tumours implying that NO released after immunization has mainly immunosuppressive net effects.

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  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-297
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume65
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes