In-Situ Non-intrusive Diagnostics of Toluene Removal by a Gliding Arc Discharge Using Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A non-equilibrium gliding arc discharge anchored on two diverging stainless steel electrodes was extended into open air by a toluene-containing air jet. The removal process of the toluene by the non-equilibrium gliding arc discharge was investigated through in situ and non-intrusive laser-based techniques. Simultaneous planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of toluene and OH radicals were employed to achieve on-line visualization of the toluene decomposing process by the gliding arc discharge column. Toluene PLIF images with high spatial and temporal resolution showed that the non-equilibrium plasma of the gliding arc discharge is effective in decomposing toluene molecules. Instantaneous toluene removal efficiency was estimated from the toluene PLIF images, showing that the initial toluene concentrations and oxygen concentrations affected the toluene removal efficiency. The toluene removal efficiency decreased with the initial toluene concentration, whereas the efficiency increased with the oxygen concentration. The OH generation in the discharge was found to be enhanced with an increase of the toluene concentration from the OH PLIF results. The relative instantaneous distribution between the OH produced from the discharge channels and the toluene flow was simultaneously visualized. The instantaneous distributions of toluene and OH radicals that were acquired simultaneously by PLIF, were well complementary, suggesting that radicals generated by the gliding arc discharge were responsible for toluene removal in the active volume of the gliding arc discharge. The effective width of the plasma volume for the toluene removal were measured, which gives a new insight into the optimization of industrial design for practical gliding arc reactors.


External organisations
  • National University of Defense Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Chemistry


  • Flue-gas treatment, Non-equilibrium plasma, PLIF, Toluene, Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-450
Number of pages18
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Issue number2
Early online date2016 Dec 10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar
Publication categoryResearch