Intact and permeabilized cells of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha as bioselective elements for amperometric assay of formaldehyde
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Intact and permeabilized yeast cells were tested as the biorecognition elements for amperometric assay of formaldehyde (FA). For this aim, the mutant G 105 (gcr1 catX) of the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha with a high activity of AOX was chosen. Different approaches were used for monitoring FA-dependent cell response including analysis of their oxygen consumption rate by the use of a Clark electrode, as well as assay of oxidation of redox mediator at a screen-printed platinum electrode covered by cells entrapped in Ca-alginate gel. It was shown that oxygen consumption rate of permeabilized cells reached its saturation at 4 mM of FA (23 degrees C). The detection limit was found to be 0.27 mM. In the presence of redox mediator 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol (DCIP), the screen-printed platinum band electrode covered by permeabilized cells did not show any current output to FA. In contrast, well-pronounced amperometric response to FA was observed in the case of intact yeast cells in the presence of DCIR It was shown that current output reached its maximum at 7 mM concentration of FA. The detection limit was found to be 0.74 mM. Obviously, it is necessary to perform a directed genetic engineering of the yeast cells to improve their bioanalytical characteristics in the corresponding biosensors. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)