Integrated Transcriptomic and Glycomic Profiling of Glioma Stem Cell Xenografts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (BM-hMSCs) have the innate ability to migrate or home toward and engraft in tumors such as glioblastoma (GBM). Because of this unique property of BM-hMSCs, we have explored their use for cell-mediated therapeutic delivery for the advancement of GBM treatment. Extravasation, the process by which blood-borne cells—such as BM-hMSCs—enter the tissue, is a highly complex process but is heavily dependent upon glycosylation for glycan-glycan and glycan-protein adhesion between the cell and endothelium. However, in a translationally significant preclinical glioma stem cell xenograft (GSCX) model of GBM, BM-hMSCs demonstrate unequal tropism toward these tumors. We hypothesized that there may be differences in the glycan compositions between the GSCXs that elicit homing ("attractors") and those that do not ("non-attractors") that facilitate or impede the engraftment of BM-hMSCs in the tumor. In this study, glycotranscriptomic analysis revealed significant heterogeneity within the attractor phenotype and the enrichment of high mannose type N-glycan biosynthesis in the non-attractor phenotype. Orthogonal validation with topical PNGase F deglycosylation on the tumor regions of xenograft tissue, followed by nLC-ESI-MS, confirmed the presence of increased high mannose type N-glycans in the non-attractors. Additional evidence provided by our glycomic study revealed the prevalence of terminal sialic acid-containing N-glycans in non-attractors and terminal galactose and N-acetyl-glucosamine N-glycans in attractors. Our results provide the first evidence for differential glycomic profiles in attractor and non-attractor GSCXs and extend the scope of molecular determinates in BM-hMSC homing to glioma.

Details

Authors
  • Norelle C Wildburger
  • Shiyue Zhou
  • Lauren G Zacharias
  • Roger A Kroes
  • Joseph R Moskal
  • Mary Schmidt
  • Parvin Mirzaei
  • Joy Gumin
  • Frederick Lang
  • Yehia Mechref
  • Carol Nilsson
External organisations
  • University of Texas Medical Branch
Research areas and keywords

Keywords

  • Animals, Gene Expression Profiling, Glioma, Glycomics, Glycosylation, Heterografts, Humans, Male, Mannose, Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Mice, Mice, Nude, Polysaccharides, Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3932-9
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume14
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 4
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes