Intellectual disability and other neuropsychiatric outcomes in high-risk children of mothers with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and unipolar major depression

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Abstract

Background Recent evidence points to partially shared genetics of neuropsychiatric disorders. Aims We examined risk of intellectual disability and other neuropsychiatric outcomes in 3174 children of mothers with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or unipolar major depression compared with 3129 children of unaffected mothers. Method We used record linkage across Western Australian population-based registers. The contribution of obstetric factors to risk of intellectual disability was assessed. Results Children were at significantly increased risk of intellectual disability with odds ratios (ORs) of 3.2 (95% Cl 1.8-5.7), 3.1 (95% Cl 1.9-4.9) and 2.9 (95% Cl 1.8-4.7) in the maternal schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and unipolar depression groups respectively. Multivariate analysis suggests familial and obstetric factors may contribute independently to the risk. Although summated labour/delivery complications (OR= 1.4, 95% CI 1.0-2.0) just failed to reach significance, neonatal encephalopathy (OR = 7.7, 95% Cl 3.0-20.2) and fetal distress (OR= 1.8, 95% Cl 1.1-2.7) were independent significant predictors. Rates of rare syndromes in children of mothers with mental disorder were well above population rates. Risk of pervasive developmental disorders, including autism, was significantly elevated for children of mothers with bipolar disorder. Risk of epilepsy was doubled for children of mothers with unipolar depression. Conclusions Our findings provide epidemiological support for clustering of neuropsychiatric disorders. Further larger epidemiological studies are warranted.

Details

Authors
  • Vera A. Morgan
  • Maxine L. Croft
  • Giulietta M. Valuri
  • Stephen R. Zubrick
  • Carol Bower
  • Thomas McNeil
  • Assen V. Jablensky
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychiatry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-289
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume200
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes