Interactions between hairy rod anionic conjugated polyelectrolytes and nonionic alkyloxyethylene surfactants in aqueous solution: Observations from cloud point behaviour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effect of three anionic, hairy-rod fluorene based conjugated polyelectrolytes on the cloud points of the alkyloxyethylene surfactants C10E3, C12E4, C12E5, and C12E6 has been studied in aqueous solution. Although the association behaviour of these rigid polymers with surfactants is different from that of more flexible polyelectrolytes, both types of polymers are seen to increase the cloud points, probably as a consequence of associative interactions. The possible importance of Coulombic interactions is suggested by the decrease in cloud points with these systems in the presence of NaCl. With the conjugated polyelectrolytes, the effect appears to be most pronounced with poly [9,9-bis(4-phenoxybutylsulfonate)fluorene-co-2,5-thienylene], which may result from specific interactions between oxyethylene groups and the thiophene ring. The value of cloud point behaviour in designing water based formulations for preparation of devices of these conjugated polyelectrolytes is discussed. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Sofia A. Fonseca
  • A. Ermelinda Eusebio
  • Ricardo Castro
  • Hugh D. Burrows
  • Maria Jose Tapia
  • Ulf Olsson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Chemistry


  • conjugated polyelectrolytes, nonionic surfactants, cloud points
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-809
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch