Interactions between the leukaemia-associated ETO homologues of nuclear repressor proteins.
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The eight-twenty-one (ETO) homologues, represented by ETO, myeloid transforming gene-related protein 1 (MTGR1) and myeloid transforming gene chromosome 16 (MTG16), are nuclear repressor proteins. ETO is part of the fusion protein acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)1-ETO, resulting from the translocation (8;21). Similarly, MTG16 is disrupted to become part of AML1/MTG16 in t(16;21). The aberrant expression of these chimeras could affect interplay between ETO homologues and contribute to the leukaemogenic process. We investigated possible interactions between the ETO homologues. Ectopic co-expression in COS-cells resulted in heterodimerisation of the various ETO homologues suggesting that they may co-operate. Similarly, the chimeric oncoprotein AML1-ETO interacted with both MTGR1 and MTG16. However, results from cell lines endogenously expressing more than one ETO homologue did not demonstrate co-precipitation. Results from IP-Western and size determination by gel filtration of deletion mutants expressed in COS-cells, indicated an important role of the HHR domain for oligomerisation. A role was also suggested for the Nervy domain in the homologue interactions. Our results suggest that ETO homologues can interact with each other as well as with AML1-ETO, although it is unclear as to what extent these interactions occur in vivo.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||European Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|