Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. / Allan, Eric; Bossdorf, Oliver; Dormann, Carsten F.; Prati, Daniel; Gossner, Martin M.; Tscharntke, Teja; Bluethgen, Nico; Bellach, Michaela; Birkhofer, Klaus; Boch, Steffen; Boehm, Stefan; Boerschig, Carmen; Chatzinotas, Antonis; Christ, Sabina; Daniel, Rolf; Diekoetter, Tim; Fischer, Christiane; Friedl, Thomas; Glaser, Karin; Hallmann, Christine; Hodac, Ladislav; Hoelzel, Norbert; Jung, Kirsten; Klein, Alexandra Maria; Klaus, Valentin H.; Kleinebecker, Till; Krauss, Jochen; Lange, Markus; Morris, E. Kathryn; Mueller, Joerg; Nacke, Heiko; Pasalic, Esther; Rillig, Matthias C.; Rothenwoehrer, Christoph; Schally, Peter; Scherber, Christoph; Schulze, Waltraud; Socher, Stephanie A.; Steckel, Juliane; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Tuerke, Manfred; Weiner, Christiane N.; Werner, Michael; Westphal, Catrin; Wolters, Volkmar; Wubet, Tesfaye; Gockel, Sonja; Gorke, Martin; Hemp, Andreas; Renner, Swen C.; Schoening, Ingo; Pfeiffer, Simone; Koenig-Ries, Birgitta; Buscot, Francois; Linsenmair, Karl Eduard; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Fischer, Markus.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 1, 2014, p. 308-313.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Allan, E, Bossdorf, O, Dormann, CF, Prati, D, Gossner, MM, Tscharntke, T, Bluethgen, N, Bellach, M, Birkhofer, K, Boch, S, Boehm, S, Boerschig, C, Chatzinotas, A, Christ, S, Daniel, R, Diekoetter, T, Fischer, C, Friedl, T, Glaser, K, Hallmann, C, Hodac, L, Hoelzel, N, Jung, K, Klein, AM, Klaus, VH, Kleinebecker, T, Krauss, J, Lange, M, Morris, EK, Mueller, J, Nacke, H, Pasalic, E, Rillig, MC, Rothenwoehrer, C, Schally, P, Scherber, C, Schulze, W, Socher, SA, Steckel, J, Steffan-Dewenter, I, Tuerke, M, Weiner, CN, Werner, M, Westphal, C, Wolters, V, Wubet, T, Gockel, S, Gorke, M, Hemp, A, Renner, SC, Schoening, I, Pfeiffer, S, Koenig-Ries, B, Buscot, F, Linsenmair, KE, Schulze, E-D, Weisser, WW & Fischer, M 2014, 'Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 308-313. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312213111

APA

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C. F., Prati, D., Gossner, M. M., Tscharntke, T., ... Fischer, M. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(1), 308-313. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312213111

CBE

Allan E, Bossdorf O, Dormann CF, Prati D, Gossner MM, Tscharntke T, Bluethgen N, Bellach M, Birkhofer K, Boch S, Boehm S, Boerschig C, Chatzinotas A, Christ S, Daniel R, Diekoetter T, Fischer C, Friedl T, Glaser K, Hallmann C, Hodac L, Hoelzel N, Jung K, Klein AM, Klaus VH, Kleinebecker T, Krauss J, Lange M, Morris EK, Mueller J, Nacke H, Pasalic E, Rillig MC, Rothenwoehrer C, Schally P, Scherber C, Schulze W, Socher SA, Steckel J, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tuerke M, Weiner CN, Werner M, Westphal C, Wolters V, Wubet T, Gockel S, Gorke M, Hemp A, Renner SC, Schoening I, Pfeiffer S, Koenig-Ries B, Buscot F, Linsenmair KE, Schulze E-D, Weisser WW, Fischer M. 2014. Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(1):308-313. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312213111

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Allan, Eric ; Bossdorf, Oliver ; Dormann, Carsten F. ; Prati, Daniel ; Gossner, Martin M. ; Tscharntke, Teja ; Bluethgen, Nico ; Bellach, Michaela ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Boch, Steffen ; Boehm, Stefan ; Boerschig, Carmen ; Chatzinotas, Antonis ; Christ, Sabina ; Daniel, Rolf ; Diekoetter, Tim ; Fischer, Christiane ; Friedl, Thomas ; Glaser, Karin ; Hallmann, Christine ; Hodac, Ladislav ; Hoelzel, Norbert ; Jung, Kirsten ; Klein, Alexandra Maria ; Klaus, Valentin H. ; Kleinebecker, Till ; Krauss, Jochen ; Lange, Markus ; Morris, E. Kathryn ; Mueller, Joerg ; Nacke, Heiko ; Pasalic, Esther ; Rillig, Matthias C. ; Rothenwoehrer, Christoph ; Schally, Peter ; Scherber, Christoph ; Schulze, Waltraud ; Socher, Stephanie A. ; Steckel, Juliane ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf ; Tuerke, Manfred ; Weiner, Christiane N. ; Werner, Michael ; Westphal, Catrin ; Wolters, Volkmar ; Wubet, Tesfaye ; Gockel, Sonja ; Gorke, Martin ; Hemp, Andreas ; Renner, Swen C. ; Schoening, Ingo ; Pfeiffer, Simone ; Koenig-Ries, Birgitta ; Buscot, Francois ; Linsenmair, Karl Eduard ; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef ; Weisser, Wolfgang W. ; Fischer, Markus. / Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 111, No. 1. pp. 308-313.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity

AU - Allan, Eric

AU - Bossdorf, Oliver

AU - Dormann, Carsten F.

AU - Prati, Daniel

AU - Gossner, Martin M.

AU - Tscharntke, Teja

AU - Bluethgen, Nico

AU - Bellach, Michaela

AU - Birkhofer, Klaus

AU - Boch, Steffen

AU - Boehm, Stefan

AU - Boerschig, Carmen

AU - Chatzinotas, Antonis

AU - Christ, Sabina

AU - Daniel, Rolf

AU - Diekoetter, Tim

AU - Fischer, Christiane

AU - Friedl, Thomas

AU - Glaser, Karin

AU - Hallmann, Christine

AU - Hodac, Ladislav

AU - Hoelzel, Norbert

AU - Jung, Kirsten

AU - Klein, Alexandra Maria

AU - Klaus, Valentin H.

AU - Kleinebecker, Till

AU - Krauss, Jochen

AU - Lange, Markus

AU - Morris, E. Kathryn

AU - Mueller, Joerg

AU - Nacke, Heiko

AU - Pasalic, Esther

AU - Rillig, Matthias C.

AU - Rothenwoehrer, Christoph

AU - Schally, Peter

AU - Scherber, Christoph

AU - Schulze, Waltraud

AU - Socher, Stephanie A.

AU - Steckel, Juliane

AU - Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf

AU - Tuerke, Manfred

AU - Weiner, Christiane N.

AU - Werner, Michael

AU - Westphal, Catrin

AU - Wolters, Volkmar

AU - Wubet, Tesfaye

AU - Gockel, Sonja

AU - Gorke, Martin

AU - Hemp, Andreas

AU - Renner, Swen C.

AU - Schoening, Ingo

AU - Pfeiffer, Simone

AU - Koenig-Ries, Birgitta

AU - Buscot, Francois

AU - Linsenmair, Karl Eduard

AU - Schulze, Ernst-Detlef

AU - Weisser, Wolfgang W.

AU - Fischer, Markus

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Although temporal heterogeneity is a well-accepted driver of biodiversity, effects of interannual variation in land-use intensity (LUI) have not been addressed yet. Additionally, responses to land use can differ greatly among different organisms; therefore, overall effects of land-use on total local biodiversity are hardly known. To test for effects of LUI (quantified as the combined intensity of fertilization, grazing, and mowing) and interannual variation in LUI (SD in LUI across time), we introduce a unique measure of whole-ecosystem biodiversity, multidiversity. This synthesizes individual diversity measures across up to 49 taxonomic groups of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria from 150 grasslands. Multidiversity declined with increasing LUI among grasslands, particularly for rarer species and aboveground organisms, whereas common species and belowground groups were less sensitive. However, a high level of interannual variation in LUI increased overall multidiversity at low LUI and was even more beneficial for rarer species because it slowed the rate at which the multidiversity of rare species declined with increasing LUI. In more intensively managed grasslands, the diversity of rarer species was, on average, 18% of the maximum diversity across all grasslands when LUI was static over time but increased to 31% of the maximum when LUI changed maximally over time. In addition to decreasing overall LUI, we suggest varying LUI across years as a complementary strategy to promote biodiversity conservation.

AB - Although temporal heterogeneity is a well-accepted driver of biodiversity, effects of interannual variation in land-use intensity (LUI) have not been addressed yet. Additionally, responses to land use can differ greatly among different organisms; therefore, overall effects of land-use on total local biodiversity are hardly known. To test for effects of LUI (quantified as the combined intensity of fertilization, grazing, and mowing) and interannual variation in LUI (SD in LUI across time), we introduce a unique measure of whole-ecosystem biodiversity, multidiversity. This synthesizes individual diversity measures across up to 49 taxonomic groups of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria from 150 grasslands. Multidiversity declined with increasing LUI among grasslands, particularly for rarer species and aboveground organisms, whereas common species and belowground groups were less sensitive. However, a high level of interannual variation in LUI increased overall multidiversity at low LUI and was even more beneficial for rarer species because it slowed the rate at which the multidiversity of rare species declined with increasing LUI. In more intensively managed grasslands, the diversity of rarer species was, on average, 18% of the maximum diversity across all grasslands when LUI was static over time but increased to 31% of the maximum when LUI changed maximally over time. In addition to decreasing overall LUI, we suggest varying LUI across years as a complementary strategy to promote biodiversity conservation.

KW - agricultural grasslands

KW - biodiversity loss

KW - Biodiversity Exploratories

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1312213111

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1312213111

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 308

EP - 313

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

T2 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

SN - 1091-6490

IS - 1

ER -