Interplay of adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions in self-assembled molecular surface nanostructures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Interplay of adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions in self-assembled molecular surface nanostructures. / Schnadt, Joachim; Xu, Wei; Vang, Ronnie T.; Knudsen, Jan; Li, Zheshen; Laegsgaard, Erik; Besenbacher, Flemming.

In: Nano Reseach, Vol. 3, No. 7, 2010, p. 459-471.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Schnadt, Joachim ; Xu, Wei ; Vang, Ronnie T. ; Knudsen, Jan ; Li, Zheshen ; Laegsgaard, Erik ; Besenbacher, Flemming. / Interplay of adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions in self-assembled molecular surface nanostructures. In: Nano Reseach. 2010 ; Vol. 3, No. 7. pp. 459-471.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interplay of adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions in self-assembled molecular surface nanostructures

AU - Schnadt, Joachim

AU - Xu, Wei

AU - Vang, Ronnie T.

AU - Knudsen, Jan

AU - Li, Zheshen

AU - Laegsgaard, Erik

AU - Besenbacher, Flemming

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The adsorption of 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid (NDCA) molecules on the Ag(110), Cu(110), and Ag(111) surfaces at room temperature has been studied by means of scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM). Further supporting results were obtained using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). On the Ag(110) support, which had an average terrace width of only 15 nm, the NDCA molecules form extended one-dimensional (1-D) assemblies, which are oriented perpendicular to the step edges and have lengths of several hundred nanometres. This shows that the assemblies have a large tolerance to monatomic surface steps on the Ag(110) surface. The observed behaviour is explained in terms of strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding and a strong surface-mediated directionality, assisted by a sufficient degree of molecular backbone flexibility. In contrast, the same kind of step-edge crossing is not observed when the molecules are adsorbed on the isotropic Ag(111) or more reactive Cu(110) surfaces. On Ag(111), similar 1-D assemblies are formed to those on Ag(110), but they are oriented along the step edges. On Cu(110), the carboxylic groups of NDCA are deprotonated and form covalent bonds to the surface, a situation which is also achieved on Ag(110) by annealing to 200 degrees C. These results show that the formation of particular self-assembled molecular nanostructures depends significantly on a subtle balance between the adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions and that kinetic factors play an important role.

AB - The adsorption of 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid (NDCA) molecules on the Ag(110), Cu(110), and Ag(111) surfaces at room temperature has been studied by means of scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM). Further supporting results were obtained using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). On the Ag(110) support, which had an average terrace width of only 15 nm, the NDCA molecules form extended one-dimensional (1-D) assemblies, which are oriented perpendicular to the step edges and have lengths of several hundred nanometres. This shows that the assemblies have a large tolerance to monatomic surface steps on the Ag(110) surface. The observed behaviour is explained in terms of strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding and a strong surface-mediated directionality, assisted by a sufficient degree of molecular backbone flexibility. In contrast, the same kind of step-edge crossing is not observed when the molecules are adsorbed on the isotropic Ag(111) or more reactive Cu(110) surfaces. On Ag(111), similar 1-D assemblies are formed to those on Ag(110), but they are oriented along the step edges. On Cu(110), the carboxylic groups of NDCA are deprotonated and form covalent bonds to the surface, a situation which is also achieved on Ag(110) by annealing to 200 degrees C. These results show that the formation of particular self-assembled molecular nanostructures depends significantly on a subtle balance between the adsorbate-adsorbate and adsorbate-substrate interactions and that kinetic factors play an important role.

KW - scanning tunnelling

KW - Molecular self-assembly

KW - hydrogen bonding

KW - X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

KW - microscopy

U2 - 10.1007/s12274-010-0005-9

DO - 10.1007/s12274-010-0005-9

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 459

EP - 471

JO - Nano Reseach

JF - Nano Reseach

SN - 1998-0124

IS - 7

ER -