Intrinsically Microporous Polymer Retains Porosity in Vacuum Thermolysis to Electroactive Heterocarbon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vacuum carbonization of organic precursors usually causes considerable structural damage and collapse of morphological features. However, for a polymer with intrinsic microporosity (PIM-EA-TB with a Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET) surface area of 1027 m2g–1), it is shown here that the rigidity of the molecular backbone is retained even during 500 °C vacuum carbonization, yielding a novel type of microporous heterocarbon (either as powder or as thin film membrane) with properties between those of a conducting polymer and those of a carbon. After carbonization, the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) morphology and the small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) Guinier radius remain largely unchanged as does the cumulative pore volume. However, the BET surface area is decreased to 242 m2g–1, but microporosity is considerably increased. The new material is shown to exhibit noticeable electrochemical features including two pH-dependent capacitance domains switching from ca. 33 Fg–1 (when oxidized) to ca. 147 Fg–1 (when reduced), a low electron transfer reactivity toward oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, and a four-point-probe resistivity (dry) of approximately 40 MΩ/square for a 1–2 μm thick film.

Details

Authors
  • Yuanyang Rong
  • Daping He
  • Adrian Sanchez-fernandez
  • Craig Evans
  • Karen J. Edler
  • Richard Malpass-evans
  • Mariolino Carta
  • Neil B. Mckeown
  • Tomos J. Clarke
  • Stuart H. Taylor
  • Andrew J. Wain
  • John M. Mitchels
  • Frank Marken
External organisations
  • University of Bath
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Cardiff University
  • National Physical Laboratory
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12300-12306
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 10
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes