Investigation of evaporating sprays in a medium speed marine engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The understanding of diesel sprays is very important to enable a better and cleaner marine engine design, but unfortunately little knowledge is openly available on marine engine fuel sprays. In this paper, evaporating sprays for medium speed marine engines were studied in a constant volume combustion chamber by performing optical measurements through Schlieren and Mie diagnostic techniques. The effects of ambient gas temperature and ambient gas density on vapor and liquid penetration were investigated by changing the target condition in the combustion chamber. A comparative study of two injectors with different nozzle diameters (0.38 mm and 0.44 mm) was also carried out at ambient density of 22.5 kg/m3. Some empirical correlations of spray penetration have been modified to fit the spray measurement data. Due to the transient characteristics of the pump-line-nozzle injection system, a time-dependent injection pressure profile is suggested for calculation of spray penetration. The spray tip penetration at large distance under low density (7.6 and 15.2 kg/m3) conditions is expected to be proportional to t2/3, which is supported by the model considering spray-induced gas turbulence effect. The t1/2 law, where turbulence is not taken into account, is still valid under high density (22.5 kg/m3) conditions with higher engine load. The comparison of two models demonstrates that the effect of gas turbulence is influenced by the ambient gas density and engine load.


External organisations
  • Ghent University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • Evaporating spray, Marine engine, Optical measurement, Penetration model, Pump-line-nozzle system
Original languageEnglish
Article number110278
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch