Investigation of gas–liquid dispersion and mass transfer performance of wide-viscosity-range impellers in water solutions of xanthan gum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Wide-viscosity-range impellers have extensive demands and applications in process industry. The gas–liquid dispersion and mass transfer characteristics of wide-viscosity-range impellers including Large-double-blade (LDB) impeller, Fullzone (FZ) impeller and Maxblend (MB) impeller in water solutions of xanthan gum were investigated experimentally and compared. The influences of gas flow rate, impeller speed and polymer concentration of liquid on the power consumption, overall gas holdup εg and mass transfer coefficient KLa were also analyzed. On this basis, the appropriate operating parameters and impeller type were determined. The results indicate that with rising flow rate, the higher εg and KLa can be achieved with a drop in power consumption, and a relatively high flow rate is recommended on the premise of guaranteeing the complete dispersal condition in aerated vessel. Higher impeller speed provides better gas–liquid dispersion and mass transfer performance, but results in more power consumption simultaneously. The appropriate impeller speed should be just enough to meet the requirements of εg and KLa. It also is found that the increasing concentration of water solution of xanthan gum adds to the complexity of gas dispersion and mass transfer in aerated vessel. Under the same specific power consumption PV, the εg and KLa are positive and negative correlation with the polymer concentration of liquid, respectively. Specially, when the concentration of water solution of xanthan gum is relatively low, the FZ impeller exhibits the best gas dispersion and mass transfer performance under the same specific power consumption. Nevertheless, the mass transfer performance of FZ impeller deteriorates significant when the concentration of water solution of xanthan gum increases to 1.00 wt%, and the MB impeller becomes the most appropriate impeller type in this condition.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Zhejiang University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering

Keywords

  • Gas–liquid dispersion, Mass transfer, Non-Newtonian fluid, Wide-viscosity-range impeller
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume154
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes