Investigation of the p–Σ0 interaction via femtoscopy in pp collisions

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T1 - Investigation of the p–Σ0 interaction via femtoscopy in pp collisions

AU - ALICE Collaboration

AU - Acharya, S

AU - Adolfsson, Jonatan

AU - Christiansen, Peter

AU - Matonoha, Oliver

AU - Nassirpour, Adrian

AU - Ohlson, Alice

AU - Oskarsson, Anders

AU - Richert, Tuva

AU - Vazquez Rueda, Omar

AU - Silvermyr, David

AU - Stenlund, Evert

AU - Zurlo, N

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - This Letter presents the first direct investigation of the p–Σ0 interaction, using the femtoscopy technique in high-multiplicity pp collisions at s=13 TeV measured by the ALICE detector. The Σ0 is reconstructed via the decay channel to Λγ, and the subsequent decay of Λ to pπ−. The photon is detected via the conversion in material to e+e− pairs exploiting the capability of the ALICE detector to measure electrons at low transverse momenta. The measured p–Σ0 correlation indicates a shallow strong interaction. The comparison of the data to several theoretical predictions obtained employing the Correlation Analysis Tool using the Schrödinger Equation (CATS) and the Lednický–Lyuboshits approach shows that the current experimental precision does not yet allow to discriminate between different models, as it is the case for the available scattering and hypernuclei data. Nevertheless, the p–Σ0 correlation function is found to be sensitive to the strong interaction, and driven by the interplay of the different spin and isospin channels. This pioneering study demonstrates the feasibility of a femtoscopic measurement in the p–Σ0 channel and with the expected larger data samples in LHC Run 3 and Run 4, the p–Σ0 interaction will be constrained with high precision. © 2020 European Organization for Nuclear Research

AB - This Letter presents the first direct investigation of the p–Σ0 interaction, using the femtoscopy technique in high-multiplicity pp collisions at s=13 TeV measured by the ALICE detector. The Σ0 is reconstructed via the decay channel to Λγ, and the subsequent decay of Λ to pπ−. The photon is detected via the conversion in material to e+e− pairs exploiting the capability of the ALICE detector to measure electrons at low transverse momenta. The measured p–Σ0 correlation indicates a shallow strong interaction. The comparison of the data to several theoretical predictions obtained employing the Correlation Analysis Tool using the Schrödinger Equation (CATS) and the Lednický–Lyuboshits approach shows that the current experimental precision does not yet allow to discriminate between different models, as it is the case for the available scattering and hypernuclei data. Nevertheless, the p–Σ0 correlation function is found to be sensitive to the strong interaction, and driven by the interplay of the different spin and isospin channels. This pioneering study demonstrates the feasibility of a femtoscopic measurement in the p–Σ0 channel and with the expected larger data samples in LHC Run 3 and Run 4, the p–Σ0 interaction will be constrained with high precision. © 2020 European Organization for Nuclear Research

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2020.135419

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2020.135419

M3 - Article

VL - 805

JO - Physics Letters B

JF - Physics Letters B

SN - 0370-2693

M1 - 135419

ER -