Is children’s listening effort in background noise influenced by the speaker’s voice quality?
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
The present study aims at exploring the influence of voice quality on listening effort in children performing a language comprehension test with sentences of increasing difficulty. Listening effort is explored in relation to gender ( = cisgender). The study has a between-groups design. Ninety-three mainstreamed children aged 8;2 to 9;3 with typical language development participated. The children were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 46/47) with equal allocation of boys and girls and for the analysis to four groups depending of gender and voice condition. Working memory capacity and executive functions were tested in quiet. A digital version of a language comprehension test (the TROG-2) was used to measure the effect of voice quality on listening effort, measured as response time in a forced-choice paradigm. The groups listened to sentences through recordings of the same female voice, one group with a typical voice and one with a dysphonic voice, both in competing multi-talker babble noise. Response times were logged after a time buffer between the sentence-ending and indication of response. There was a significant increase in response times with increased task difficulty and response times between the two voice conditions differed significantly. The girls in the dysphonic condition were slower with increasing task difficulty. A dysphonic voice clearly adds to the noise burden and listening effort is greater in girls than in boys when the teacher speaks with dysphonic voice in a noisy background. These findings might mirror gender differences as for coping strategies in challenging contexts and have important implications for education.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology|
|Early online date||2017 May 17|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
Birgitta Sahlén, Peter Gärdenfors, Germund Hesslow, Magnus Lindgren, Sven Strömqvist, Ingela Byström, Eva Sjöstrand, Johan Mårtensson, Annika Andersson, Kristina Hansson, Marianne Gullberg, Roger Johansson, Mikael Johansson, Andreas Falck, Mikael Roll, Freddy Ståhlberg, Merle Horne, Frida Blomberg, Victoria Johansson, Jens Nirme, Agneta Gulz, Joost van de Weijer, Carita Paradis, Betty Tärning, Ines Bramao, Susan Sayehli, Simone Löhndorf, Caroline Willners, Johan Blomberg, Susanne Schötz, Magnus Haake, Jonas Brännström, Emily Grenner, Jana Holsanova, Åsa Wengelin, Magnus Johnsson, Stefan Winberg, Christian Balkenius, Zahra Gharaee & Rasmus Bååth
Swedish Research Council
2008/01/01 → 2018/12/31
Project: Research › Interdisciplinary research