Is egocentric bias evidence for simulation theory

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Abstract

Revised simulation theory (Goldman, 2006) allows mental state attributions containing some or all of the attributor’s genuine, non-simulated mental states. It is thought that this gives the revised theory an empirical advantage, because unlike theory theory and rationality theory, it can explain egocentric bias (the tendency to over attribute ones’ own mental states to others). I challenge this view, arguing that theory theory and rationality theory can explain egocentricity by appealing to heuristic mindreading and the diagnosticity of attributors’ own beliefs, and that these explanations are as simple and consistent as those provided by revised simulation theory.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
  • Philosophy

Keywords

  • mindreading, revised simulation theory, rationality theory, simulation, simulation theory, theory of mind, true false consensus effect, egocentric bias, quarantine failure, theory theory, false consensus effect, Goldman
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-514
JournalSynthese
Volume178
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes