Is iodate a strongly hydrated cation?
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We show, through a combination of density function theory-based molecular dynamics simulations (DFT-MD) and experimental X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) studies, that the iodate ion (IO 3 -) contains a local region that is strongly hydrated as a cation. The local region adjoining the I atom is sufficiently electropositive that three hydrating waters are oriented with their O atoms directly interacting with the iodine atom at an I-O H2O distance of 2.94 Å. This is the orientation of water hydrating a cation. Further, approximately 2-3 water molecules hydrate each O of IO 3 - through their H atoms in an orientation of the water that is expected for an anion at an I-O H2O distance of 3.83 Å. We predict that this structure persists, although to a much lesser degree, for BrO 3 -, and ClO 3 -. This type of local microstructure profoundly affects the behavior of the "anion" at interfaces and how it interacts with other ionic species in solution.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Oct 20|