Isolation and characterization of water-soluble hemicelluloses from flax shive,

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Abstract

Partially depolymerized, water-soluble hemicelluloses were solubilized from flax shive employing hydrothermal microwave treatment and thereafter subjected to ion-exchange chromatography, enzymatic purification and/or size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The oligo- and polysaccharide fractions thus obtained were characterized with respect to molar mass, molar mass distribution, degree of polymerization (DP) and degree of substitution with acetyl moieties (DSAc) by employing SEC in combination with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The major portion of the water-soluble flax hemicellulose consisted of an O-acetyl-4-O-methylglucuronoxylan exhibiting a DPp value (i.e., peak-average DP) of 28. When the DSAc for this O-acetyl-4-O-methylglucuronoxylan was calculated on the basis of the MALDI-MS spectra obtained without and following deacetylation, a value of 0.7 was obtained. In addition, an O-acetyl-glucomannan (DPp=9, DS=0.4) and minor quantities of small neutral O-acetyl-xylooligosaccharides were also isolated from the mixture of water-soluble hemicelluloses released from the flax shive by microwave treatment.

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  • Chemical Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1876
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume338
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes