Isolation of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Southeast Asian and African Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected Children with Suspected Tuberculosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We enrolled 427 human immunodeficiency virus-infected children (median age, 7.3 years), 59.2% severely immunodeficient, with suspected tuberculosis in Southeast Asian and African settings. Nontuberculous mycobacteria were isolated in 46 children (10.8%); 45.7% of isolates were Mycobacterium avium complex. Southeast Asian origin, age 5-9 years, and severe immunodeficiency were independently associated with nontuberculous mycobacteria isolation.


  • Pediatric Asian African Network for Tuberculosis and HIV Research (PAANTHER) Study Group
External organisations
  • University of Montpellier
  • Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital
  • Bordeaux Population Health Centre
  • Pasteur Institute in Cambodia
  • Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital
  • Centre Pasteur Of Cameroon
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Souro Sanou
  • University of Health Sciences (Cambodia)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Pediatrics


  • Children, HIV, Nontuberculous mycobacteria, Tuberculosis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1750-1753
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May
Publication categoryResearch