Juxtaposition of N-myc and Ig kappa through a reciprocal t(6;12) translocation in a mouse plasmacytoma

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Abstract

Nearly all mouse plasmacytomas (MPCs) carry an Ig/myc translocation. Any one of the three Ig loci may participate, while the myc contribution has been limited to c-myc, excluding other members of the myc gene family. The same is true for the other two known Ig/myc translocation-carrying tumors, Burkitt's lymphoma and rat immunocytoma. It is believed that the Ig/myc juxtaposition plays a decisive, rate limiting role in the genesis of the three tumors, acting through the constitutive activation of myc that makes it refractory to normal regulation. Here we describe the molecular analysis of a unique t(6;12)(CI;B) translocation that we previously identified in an exceptional MPC that expressed N-myc but not c-myc. We now show that the translocation led to the juxtaposition of N-myc and Ig kappa. This is the first case of an Ig/myc-carrying tumor that involves N-myc rather than c-myc. These findings suggest that the translocation may already have occurred at the pro- or pre-B cell stage at which N-myc is open for transcription. According to this interpretation, constitutive activation of N-myc would suppress the expression of c-myc, but would not interfere with the differentiation of the pro-B cell into a fully mature plasma cell. Its tumorigenic influence would become manifest only at the time when the cell would normally be programmed to leave the cycling compartment, in connection with its terminal differentiation.

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Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
Research areas and keywords

Keywords

  • Animals, Base Sequence, Chromosome Mapping, Cloning, Molecular, DNA Probes, Genes, myc, Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Plasmacytoma, RNA Probes, Translocation, Genetic
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
JournalGenes, Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Oct
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes