Key factors determining the efficacy of gene therapy for continuous DOPA delivery in the Parkinsonian brain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

L-DOPA is currently the standard treatment for alleviating the motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. The therapeutic efficacy, however, diminishes as the disease progresses. It has been suggested that the beneficial effect of L-DOPA could be reestablished by changing the mode of administration. Indeed, continuous delivery of L-DOPA has been shown to be an effective way to circumvent many of the side effects seen with traditional oral administration, which results in an intermittent supply of the dopamine precursor to the brain. However, all currently tested continuous dopaminergic stimulation approaches rely on peripheral administration. This is not ideal since it gives rise to off target effects and is difficult to maintain long-term. Thus, there is an unmet need for an effective continuous administration method with an acceptable side effect profile. Viral-mediated gene therapy is a promising alternative paradigm that can meet this demand. Encouraging preclinical studies in animal models of Parkinson's disease showed therapeutic efficacy after expression of the genes encoding the enzymes required for biosynthesis of dopamine. Although the first phase I clinical trials using these approaches have been conducted, clear positive data in placebo controlled efficacy studies is still lacking. We are now at a critical junction and need to carefully review the preclinical data from the clinical translation perspective and identify the key factors that will determine the potential for success in gene therapy for Parkinson's disease. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc.

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Authors
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • Adeno-associated viral vector, Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, L-DOPA, Parkinson's disease, Tyrosine hydroxylase
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume48
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes