Kinetic analysis of the cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase (Cak1p) from budding yeast

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Abstract

Cak1p, the Cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase from budding yeast, is an unusual protein kinase that lacks many of the highly conserved motifs observed among members of the protein kinase superfamily. Cak1p phosphorylates and activates Cdc28p, the major cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) in yeast, and is thereby required for passage through the yeast cell cycle. In this paper, we explore the kinetics of CDK phosphorylation by Cak1p, and we examine the role of the catalytic step in the reaction mechanism. Cak1p proceeds by a sequential reaction mechanism, binding to both ATP and CDK2 with reasonable affinities, exhibiting K(d) values of 7.2 and 0.6 μM, respectively. Interestingly, these values are approximately the same as the K(M) values, indicating that the binding of substrates is fast with respect to catalysis and that the most likely reaction mechanism is rapid equilibrium random. Cak1p is a slow enzyme, with a catalytic rate of only 4.3 min -1. The absence of a burst phase indicates that product release is not rate-limiting. This result, and a solvent isotope effect, suggests that a catalytic step is rate-limiting.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • Yale University
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33267-33271
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Oct 27
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes