Kinetics of the grating formation in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: NMR measurement of diffusion coefficients

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Abstract

Polymer films with embedded liquid crystal inclusions (polymer-dispersed liquid crystals) are superb composites for addressable windows, flexible displays and optical storage. Their scattering behavior and electro-optic properties depend essentially on the shape and size of the liquid crystal inclusions, which are typically formed by phase separation from a multicomponent homogeneous mixture. Here, pulsed field gradient NMR is used to measure the self-diffusion coefficients of the liquid crystal and a photo-reactive monomer, which compose such a precursor mixture. The kinetics of holographic grating formation in this mixture can be predicted by inserting the NMR diffusion coefficient of the monomer and the polymerization rate in a reaction diffusion model. The ratio of diffusion rate over reaction rate is found to be in the limiting regime in which the kinetics of the grating formation is not sensitive to this parameter.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Chemistry

Keywords

  • Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals, Nuclear magnetic, resonance, Diffusion, Diffraction efficiency
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-755
JournalColloid and Polymer Science
Volume290
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes