Lactate improves SAPS 3 prognostication

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: Lactate concentration is known to be a strong predictor of mortality, but is not included in any of the major intensive care scorings systems such as the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS 3). The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of lactate concentration when combined with SAPS 3. Materials and methods: In the period of 2008 to June 2017 the general intensive care unit at Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Sweden had 5141 first-time admissions. Of these, 3039 patients had lactate concentrations analysed within 1 h of admission. Results: As expected, lactate concentration was found to be strongly related to 30-day mortality. Lactate concentration was found to be a SAPS 3 independent predictor of mortality (odds ratio 1.08, 95% confidence interval 1.05-1.11, P < 0.001), but did not improve the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) (AUC 78.9% vs. 78.7%, P = 0.053). However, we found that lactate added prognostic value to SAPS 3 for patients with cardiac arrest (AUC 79.6% vs. 76.4%, P = 0.0082) and sepsis (AUC 75.1% vs. 72.7%, P = 0.033). Conclusion: Even compared to our current prognostication model, SAPS 3, lactate concentration was found to be an independent predictor for all diagnoses, cardiac arrest and sepsis. The addition of lactate concentration level improved the AUC for cardiac arrest and sepsis, but not for all diagnoses.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-225
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Issue number2
Early online date2017 Nov 10
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch

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Peder Andersson & Attila Frigyesi

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