Laminin α1 reduces muscular dystrophy in dy2Jmice

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Abstract

Muscular dystrophies, including laminin α2 chain-deficient muscular dystrophy (LAMA2-CMD), are associated with immense personal, social and economic burdens. Thus, effective treatments are urgently needed. LAMA2-CMD is either a severe, early-onset condition with complete laminin α2 chain-deficiency or a milder, late-onset form with partial laminin α2 chain-deficiency. Mouse models dy 3K /dy 3K and dy 2J /dy 2J , respectively, recapitulate these two forms of LAMA2-CMD very well. We have previously demonstrated that laminin α1 chain significantly reduces muscular dystrophy in laminin α2 chain-deficient dy 3K /dy 3K mice. Among all the different pre-clinical approaches that have been evaluated in mice, laminin α1 chain-mediated therapy has been shown to be one of the most effective lines of attack. However, it has remained unclear if laminin α1 chain-mediated treatment is also applicable for partial laminin α2 chain-deficiency. Hence, we have generated dy 2J /dy 2J mice (that express a substantial amount of an N-terminal truncated laminin α2 chain) overexpressing laminin α1 chain in the neuromuscular system. The laminin α1 chain transgene ameliorated the dystrophic phenotype, restored muscle strength and reduced peripheral neuropathy. Thus, these findings provide additional support for the development of laminin α1 chain-based therapy for LAMA2-CMD.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Genetics

Keywords

  • Basement membrane, Laminin, Muscular dystrophy, Therapy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-49
JournalMatrix Biology
Volume70
Early online date2018 Mar 12
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes