Language development in hearing-impaired children - Establishment of a reference material for a 'Language test for hearing-impaired children', LATHIC

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: In Sweden, there has previously been no normalised test material for the evaluation of language development in individual hearing-impaired children, and for the assessment of various methods of auditory habilitation. The purpose of the present study was to compose, apply and evaluate a test for language development in hearing-impaired children, and to establish the first set of reference values related to age, sex, type and degree of hearing impairment. Methods: A test consisting of nine subtests was assembled and developed for, and subsequently applied to, hearing-impaired children in the age range 4-6 years. The inclusion criteria were a pure tone average of 80 dBHL or less and oral language (Swedish) as the first language. Two hundred and eleven hearing-impaired children and 87 normal hearing control children were tested. Results: The results show that: (1) children with hearing impairment-also unilateral-have a delayed language development; (2) the delay is greater in children with larger losses and tends to decrease with increasing age; (3) 6-year-olds with hearing loss greater than 60 dB have not reached the level of the control group; (4) no difference between right- or left sided deafness with respect to language development was observed; (5) a reference material, applicable during clinical assessment, was established for the most common types of hearing impairment. Conclusions: The test designed gave graded measures of important aspects of language development in hearing-impaired children. The results merit further application of the test material. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • E Borg
  • A Risberg
  • B McAllister
  • BM Undemar
  • G Edquist
  • AC Reinholdson
  • A Wiking-Johnsson
  • Ursula Willstedt-Svensson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Otorhinolaryngology


  • test design, phonology, reception, speech, speech-in-noise, language development, hearing impairment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-26
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch