Late Holocene landscape development around a Roman Iron Age mass grave, Alken Enge, Denmark

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title = "Late Holocene landscape development around a Roman Iron Age mass grave, Alken Enge, Denmark",
abstract = "Sediments from the small lake Ils{\o} situated in the Illerup/Alken Enge Valley were studied in order to investigate past landscape development at the time of a probably ritual human mass burial following battle during the Roman Iron Age (ad 1–400). A pollen record from Ils{\o} and a number of other records from Jutland were combined using the Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm to reconstruct local vegetation changes through the last 2,800 years. These methods were supplemented by studies of catchment-related geochemistry of the Ils{\o} lake sediments. The results show a marked reforestation event associated with a strong decrease in erosion levels at the very beginning of the first century ad, contemporaneous with the finds of human remains at Alken Enge. Comparison with a pollen record 10 km away and with those from other sites, reveals that this reforestation occurs unusually early and rapidly, and is an unparalleled development in a Danish context. We suggest that the major landscape changes at the beginning of the Roman Iron Age and forest cover for the next few centuries comprise a possible example of ritual control of local land-use.",
keywords = "Erosion rates, Iron Age, Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm, Palaeolimnology",
author = "S{\o}e, {Niels Emil} and Odgaard, {Bent Vad} and Nielsen, {Anne Birgitte} and Jesper Olsen and Kristiansen, {S{\o}ren M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s00334-016-0591-x",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "277--292",
journal = "Vegetation History and Archaeobotany",
issn = "0939-6314",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",