Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Standard

Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. / Larsson, Stefan.

Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. ed. / Matthias Baier. Vol. Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31 Lund University: Sociology of Law, 2009. p. 107-147.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Harvard

Larsson, S 2009, Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. in M Baier (ed.), Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. vol. Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31, Lund University: Sociology of Law, pp. 107-147.

APA

Larsson, S. (2009). Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. In M. Baier (Ed.), Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective (Vol. Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31, pp. 107-147). Lund University: Sociology of Law.

CBE

Larsson S. 2009. Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. Baier M, editor. In Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. Lund University: Sociology of Law. pp. 107-147.

MLA

Larsson, Stefan "Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden". Baier, Matthias (ed.). Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. Lund University: Sociology of Law. 2009, 107-147.

Vancouver

Larsson S. Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. In Baier M, editor, Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. Vol. Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31. Lund University: Sociology of Law. 2009. p. 107-147

Author

Larsson, Stefan. / Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden. Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective. editor / Matthias Baier. Vol. Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31 Lund University: Sociology of Law, 2009. pp. 107-147

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Law as a gate keeper for participation. The case of 3G infrastructure development in Sweden

AU - Larsson, Stefan

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - This article shows how participation on national, regional and local levels is regulated in the infrastructure of the third generation of mobile telephony, 3G, in Sweden. This regulated participation, the “law in books”, is compared to participation in practice, the “law in action” perspective in the sense of the outcome and functionality of these regulations. This includes the identification of inconsistencies, complexities and benefits from a participatory perspective. Questions asked are of the type: Who can participate and in what capacity? What issues are included/excluded and how is this done? Law functions as a gatekeeper to participation in this sense. To be able to empirically answer these questions a set of data consisting of ca 250 building permits in the County of Blekinge between 2001 and 2005 is used, in addition to the legal regulations, preparatory work and case law and two national municipal questionnaires regarding building permit praxis from 2003. Much of the data was collected within a MiSt study concerning sustainability issues of the 3G development (Larsson 2008) but has been complemented for the purpose of focusing on participative aspects in this article. Legal documents depict existing law and the Blekinge data, as well as other data, shows its application. The infrastructure for 3G has been under development in Sweden since late 2000. Following from the so called beauty contest four operators within three years were to build competing systems to cover 99,98 percent of the population by the end of 2003, giving the administrative system an extreme challenge. Issues widely debated has been the alleged hazardousness of the electromagnetic radiation from the base stations and the public’s possibility to affect where the bases stations are to be put up, which brings the participative aspects of the 3G infrastructure development into focus. The assessment of the system, the several thousands of base stations’ impact on the environment, has been made one base station at a time as the operators apply to put up a mast.

AB - This article shows how participation on national, regional and local levels is regulated in the infrastructure of the third generation of mobile telephony, 3G, in Sweden. This regulated participation, the “law in books”, is compared to participation in practice, the “law in action” perspective in the sense of the outcome and functionality of these regulations. This includes the identification of inconsistencies, complexities and benefits from a participatory perspective. Questions asked are of the type: Who can participate and in what capacity? What issues are included/excluded and how is this done? Law functions as a gatekeeper to participation in this sense. To be able to empirically answer these questions a set of data consisting of ca 250 building permits in the County of Blekinge between 2001 and 2005 is used, in addition to the legal regulations, preparatory work and case law and two national municipal questionnaires regarding building permit praxis from 2003. Much of the data was collected within a MiSt study concerning sustainability issues of the 3G development (Larsson 2008) but has been complemented for the purpose of focusing on participative aspects in this article. Legal documents depict existing law and the Blekinge data, as well as other data, shows its application. The infrastructure for 3G has been under development in Sweden since late 2000. Following from the so called beauty contest four operators within three years were to build competing systems to cover 99,98 percent of the population by the end of 2003, giving the administrative system an extreme challenge. Issues widely debated has been the alleged hazardousness of the electromagnetic radiation from the base stations and the public’s possibility to affect where the bases stations are to be put up, which brings the participative aspects of the 3G infrastructure development into focus. The assessment of the system, the several thousands of base stations’ impact on the environment, has been made one base station at a time as the operators apply to put up a mast.

KW - 3G/UMTS

KW - Participation

KW - sociology of law

KW - infrastructure development

KW - sustainable development

KW - radiation

KW - Inclusion/exclusion

KW - Participation in practice

KW - Law in action

KW - Law in books

M3 - Book chapter

VL - Lund studies in sociology of law, vol. 31

SP - 107

EP - 147

BT - Participative aspects of law: a socio-legal perspective

A2 - Baier, Matthias

PB - Lund University: Sociology of Law

ER -