Law, community and the 2011 London Riots

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


Legal pluralism provided a useful alternative framework because pluralism had always sought to identify hybrid legal spaces, where multiple normative systems occupied the same social field. An emphasis on legal pluralism also freed scholars from endless intractable debates about whether international law is truly law given that coercive enforcement power in the international and transnational arena is often indirect or non-existent. Moreover, global legal pluralism recognizes the possibility that at least sometimes this pluralism of normative authority may be preferable to a system that imposes a single authority because the reality of legal pluralism empowers individuals to strategically operate among normative and procedural regimes. Sovereigntists think global legal pluralism pays insufficient attention to nation-state prerogatives and just universalism in another guise. The move to global legal pluralism allows more detailed analysis of all the ways in which international and transnational legal and quasi-legal pronouncements have potential impact regardless of whether the pronouncements are accompanied by the threat of coercive force.


  • Reza Banakar
  • Alexandra Lort Phillips
External organisations
  • University of Westminster
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Law and Society
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaw, Society and Community
Subtitle of host publicationSocio-Legal Essays in Honour of Roger Cotterrell
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781317107293
ISBN (Print)9781472409829
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch