Left ventricular remodelling changes without concomitant loss of myocardial fat after long-term dietary intervention

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Accumulation of myocardial triglycerides (MTG) is associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) remodelling and function in obese and diabetic subjects. The role of MTG accumulation in development of heart failure in this group of patients is unknown. Short-term studies suggest that diets that lead to weight loss could mobilize MTG, with a favourable effect on cardiac remodelling. In a 24-month, randomized, investigator-blinded study, we assessed the effect of two different diets and subsequent weight loss on cardiac function and MTG in postmenopausal women.

METHODS: Sixty-eight healthy postmenopausal women with body mass index [BMI] ≥27kg/m(2) were randomized to an ad libitum Palaeolithic diet (PD) or a Nordic Nutrition Recommendation (NNR) diet for 24months. Morphology, cardiac function, and MTG levels were measured using magnetic resonance (MR) scanning, including proton spectroscopy at baseline and 6 and 24months.

RESULTS: Despite mean weight losses of 4.9 (1.0) kg (NNR) and 7.8 (1.1) kg (PD), the MTG content did not change over time (p=0.98 in the NNR and p=0.11 in the PD group at 24months). Reduced left ventricular mass was observed in both diet groups over 24months. Blood pressure was reduced at 6months, but returned to baseline levels at 24months. End diastolic volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output decreased over time. No differences between diet groups were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Diet intervention and moderate weight loss over 24months improved LV remodelling but did not alter MTG levels in overweight/obese postmenopausal women.

Details

Authors
  • Jonas Andersson
  • Caroline Mellberg
  • Julia Otten
  • Mats Ryberg
  • Daniel Rinnström
  • Christel Larsson
  • Bernt Lindahl
  • Jon Hauksson
  • Bengt Johansson
  • Tommy Olsson
External organisations
  • Umeå University
  • University of Iceland
  • University of Gothenburg
Research areas and keywords

Keywords

  • Journal Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-6
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume216
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes