Less is more - Some cautions regarding mindless use of ICT in emergency management

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Abstract

Emergency management practice can be supported by ICT in many ways, and numerous ICT-based systems are available that offer support in the different phases of emergency management. Yet, many such systems do not provide as much support to emergency management as expected or wished for. In some situations they may even compromise emergency management performance, due to suboptimal adaptation to the people who use them. This paper describes aspects of human functioning that should be considered in the design of ICT-based emergency management support systems, and points out why they matter. This is illustrated with examples of GIS in emergency management. The paper also briefly sketches how better adjustment to end users can be incorporated into the design of ICT-based systems for emergency management support. It is recommended that human factors are properly considered in both the design and operational phases of ICT-based emergency management support systems, which can be realized through cooperation between experts in emergency management, human factors and GIS.

Details

Authors
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Applied Psychology
  • Human Computer Interaction
  • Geosciences, Multidisciplinary

Keywords

  • Decision making, design, emergency management, GIS, ICT, support system
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of TIEMS 22nd annual conference
EditorsSnjezana Knezic, Meen Poudyal Chhetri
PublisherTIEMS
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)978-94-90297-13-8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Event22nd TIEMS Annual Conference, 2015: Evolving threats and vulnerability landscape: new challenges for the emergency management - Rome, Italy
Duration: 2015 Sep 302015 Oct 2

Conference

Conference22nd TIEMS Annual Conference, 2015
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period2015/09/302015/10/02

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