Life satisfaction and associated factors in persons with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Life satisfaction and associated factors in persons with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease

AU - Rosengren, Lina

AU - Brogårdh, Christina

AU - Jacobsson, Lars

AU - Lexell, Jan

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: Life satisfaction (LS) is an overall goal in the long-term management and rehabilitation of persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, very little is known about LS in persons with PD and no study has examined factors associated with their LS. OBJECTIVE: To describe LS in persons with mild to moderate PD and to evaluate the association with gender, age, years since diagnosis, and sense of coherence, perceived participation, and mental and emotional status. METHODS: Eighty persons with mild to moderate PD (46 men and 34 women, mean age 70.1 years, mean time since diagnosis 7.4 years) responded to a postal survey with the Swedish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC-13), the Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-20). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to evaluate the association with LS. RESULTS: The mean SWLS total score was 21.8 points, and 45 rated themselves as satisfied to highly satisfied with their lives. SOC and years since diagnosis explained 36 of the variance, where a strong SOC, indicating a person's capacity to adapt to the overall strains of the disease, showed the strongest association with a high LS. CONCLUSIONS: Persons with mild to moderate PD seem to be generally satisfied with their lives but LS may decrease as the disease progresses. The strong association with SOC implies that LS may increase through rehabilitation that support persons with PD to understand and confront the nature of problems arising in their lives as a result of their PD.

AB - BACKGROUND: Life satisfaction (LS) is an overall goal in the long-term management and rehabilitation of persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, very little is known about LS in persons with PD and no study has examined factors associated with their LS. OBJECTIVE: To describe LS in persons with mild to moderate PD and to evaluate the association with gender, age, years since diagnosis, and sense of coherence, perceived participation, and mental and emotional status. METHODS: Eighty persons with mild to moderate PD (46 men and 34 women, mean age 70.1 years, mean time since diagnosis 7.4 years) responded to a postal survey with the Swedish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC-13), the Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-20). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to evaluate the association with LS. RESULTS: The mean SWLS total score was 21.8 points, and 45 rated themselves as satisfied to highly satisfied with their lives. SOC and years since diagnosis explained 36 of the variance, where a strong SOC, indicating a person's capacity to adapt to the overall strains of the disease, showed the strongest association with a high LS. CONCLUSIONS: Persons with mild to moderate PD seem to be generally satisfied with their lives but LS may decrease as the disease progresses. The strong association with SOC implies that LS may increase through rehabilitation that support persons with PD to understand and confront the nature of problems arising in their lives as a result of their PD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84981275535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/NRE-161359

DO - 10.3233/NRE-161359

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 285

EP - 294

JO - NeuroRehabilitation

T2 - NeuroRehabilitation

JF - NeuroRehabilitation

SN - 1878-6448

IS - 2

ER -