Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

Research output: Book/ReportBook


The authors examine the complex relationship between human behavior and social and economic environment, analyzing age, gender, family, kinship, social class and social organization, climate, food prices, and real wages to compare mortality responses to adversity. Their research at the individual, household, and community levels challenges the previously accepted characterizations of social and economic behavior in Europe and Asia in the past. The originality of the analysis as well as the geographic breadth and historical depth of the data make Life under Pressure a significant advance in the field of historical demography. Its findings will be of interest to scholars in economics, environmental studies, demography, history, and sociology as well as the general reader interested in these subjects.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economic History


  • Mortalitet, Mortality, Levnadsstandard, Europa, Europe, Asien, Asia, ekonomiska förhållanden, Economic conditions, Population
Original languageEnglish
PublisherMIT Press
ISBN (Print)978-0-262-02551-5
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch