LII-lidar: range-resolved backward picosecond laser-induced incandescence

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Abstract

A novel concept for remote in situ detection of soot emissions by a combination of laser-induced incandescence (LII) and light detection and ranging (lidar) is presented. A lidar setup based on a picosecond Nd:YAG laser and time-resolved signal detection in the backward direction was used for LII measurements in sooty premixed ethylene-air flames. Measurements of LII-lidar signal versus laser fluence and flame equivalence ratio showed good qualitative agreement with data reported in literature. The LII-lidar signal showed a decay consisting of two components, with lifetimes of typically 20 and 70 ns, attributed to soot sublimation and conductive cooling, respectively. Theoretical considerations and analysis of the LII-lidar signal showed that the derivative was proportional to the maximum value, which is an established measure of soot volume fraction. Utilizing this, differentiation of LII-lidar data gave profiles representing soot volume fraction with a range resolution of similar to 16 cm along the laser beam propagation axis. The accuracy of the evaluated LII-profiles was confirmed by comparison with LII-data measured simultaneously employing conventional right-angle detection. Thus, LII-lidar provides range-resolved single-ended detection, resourceful when optical access is restricted, extending the LII technique and opening up new possibilities for laser-based diagnostics of soot and other carbonaceous particles.

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  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-121
JournalApplied Physics B
Volume115
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes