Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Standard

Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. / Gao, Xiang; Edfors, Ove; Rusek, Fredrik; Tufvesson, Fredrik.

Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Harvard

Gao, X, Edfors, O, Rusek, F & Tufvesson, F 2011, Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. in Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference VTC 2011-Fall, San Francisco, CA, United States, 2011/09/05.

APA

Gao, X., Edfors, O., Rusek, F., & Tufvesson, F. (2011). Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. In Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc..

CBE

Gao X, Edfors O, Rusek F, Tufvesson F. 2011. Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. In Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

MLA

Gao, Xiang et al. "Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels". Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2011.

Vancouver

Gao X, Edfors O, Rusek F, Tufvesson F. Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. In Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2011

Author

Gao, Xiang ; Edfors, Ove ; Rusek, Fredrik ; Tufvesson, Fredrik. / Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels. Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2011.

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels

AU - Gao, Xiang

AU - Edfors, Ove

AU - Rusek, Fredrik

AU - Tufvesson, Fredrik

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Wireless communication using very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas is a new research field, where base stations are equipped with a very large number of antennas as compared to previously considered systems. In theory, as the number of antennas increases, propagation properties that were random before start to become deterministic. Theoretical investigations with independent identically distributed (i.i.d.)\ complex Gaussian (Rayleigh fading) channels and unlimited number of antennas have been done, but in practice we need to know what benefits we can get from very large, but limited, number of antenna elements in realistic propagation environments. In this study we evaluate properties of measured residential-area channels, where the base station is equipped with 128 antenna ports. An important property to consider is the orthogonality between channels to different users, since this property tells us how advanced multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) pre-coding schemes we need in the downlink. We show that orthogonality improves with increasing number of antennas, but for two single-antenna users there is very little improvement beyond 20 antennas. We also evaluate sum-rate performance for two linear pre-coding schemes, zero-forcing (ZF) and minimum mean squared-error (MMSE), as a function of the number of base station antennas. Already at 20 base station antennas these linear pre-coding schemes reach 98\% of the optimal dirty-paper coding (DPC) capacity for the measured channels.

AB - Wireless communication using very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas is a new research field, where base stations are equipped with a very large number of antennas as compared to previously considered systems. In theory, as the number of antennas increases, propagation properties that were random before start to become deterministic. Theoretical investigations with independent identically distributed (i.i.d.)\ complex Gaussian (Rayleigh fading) channels and unlimited number of antennas have been done, but in practice we need to know what benefits we can get from very large, but limited, number of antenna elements in realistic propagation environments. In this study we evaluate properties of measured residential-area channels, where the base station is equipped with 128 antenna ports. An important property to consider is the orthogonality between channels to different users, since this property tells us how advanced multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) pre-coding schemes we need in the downlink. We show that orthogonality improves with increasing number of antennas, but for two single-antenna users there is very little improvement beyond 20 antennas. We also evaluate sum-rate performance for two linear pre-coding schemes, zero-forcing (ZF) and minimum mean squared-error (MMSE), as a function of the number of base station antennas. Already at 20 base station antennas these linear pre-coding schemes reach 98\% of the optimal dirty-paper coding (DPC) capacity for the measured channels.

M3 - Paper in conference proceeding

BT - Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference

PB - IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -