Lipid peroxidation is not increased in heart failure patients on modern pharmacological therapy.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Previous studies support a role of oxygen-free radicals in the development of congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate whether lipid peroxidation is increased in CHF patients on modem pharmacological therapy and whether there is a positive correlation between plasma levels of markers of lipid peroxidation and severity of heart failure (HF). Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and isoprostanes are often used as markers of lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress. We also studied whether long-term treatment with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) in combination with standard HF therapy affects P-MDA levels in patients with evidence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Materials and methods: Ninety-two patients with clinical or echocardiographic evidence of LV-dysfunction following AMI were randomized to treatment with either IS-5-MN or placebo. In a subgroup of 83 patients with available plasma MDA, echocardiography, right-heart catherization, and plasma natriuretic peptides were evaluated. Control subjects were 80 healthy blood donors. A second study group consisted of 56 patients with CHF, evaluated with respect to LV function, brain natriuretic peptide and markers of oxidative stress (P-MDA and 8-isoprostane). The second control group comprised 50 healthy subjects. Results: Lipid peroxidation measured by P-MDA and 8-isoprostane was not increased in patients with LV dysfunction treated with standard HF therapy. No positive correlation was found to the severity of HE Long-term IS-5-MN therapy did not influence P-MDA concentrations. Conclusions: Although results from many experimental and clinical studies suggest that oxidative stress is increased in HF, this may not be true for patients treated with beta blockers and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • nitrates, malondialdehyde, heart failure, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, isoprostanes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-281
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume112
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology (013250300), Cardiology (013230026), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Unit for Clinical Vascular Disease Research (013242410)