Lipid soluble smoke particles up-regulate vascular smooth muscle ETB receptors via activation of mitogen activating protein kinases and NF-kappaB pathways.

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Abstract

Cigarette smoke is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that lead to cigarette smoke-associated cardiovascular disease remain elusive. With functional and molecular methods, we demonstrate for the first time that lipid soluble cigarette smoke particles (DSP) increased the expression of endothelin type B (ET(B)) receptors in arterial smooth muscle cells. The increased ET(B) receptors in arterial smooth muscle cells was documented as enhanced contractility (sensitive myograph technique), elevated levels of ET(B) receptor mRNA (quantitative real-time PCR) and protein expressions (immunohistochemistry and Western blotting). Intracellular signalling was studied with Western blotting and phosphoELISA; this revealed that DSP induced extracellular-regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), p38 and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) phosphorylation within 3 hours. Blocking ERK1/2, p38 or NF-kappaB activation by their specific inhibitors significantly attenuated the DSP-induced up-regulation of ET(B) receptor-mediated contraction and both ET(B) receptor mRNA and protein expression. In addition, dexamethasone abolished the DSP-induced up-regulation of ET(B) receptor-mediated contraction. In conclusion, up-regulation of ET(B) receptors by DSP in arterial smooth muscle cells involves activation of mitogen activating protein kinases (ERK1/2 and p38) and the downstream transcriptional factor NF-kappaB pathways.

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  • Other Clinical Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-555
JournalToxicological Sciences
Volume106
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes