Longitudinal cerebrospinal fluid biomarker measurements in preclinical sporadic Alzheimer's disease: A prospective 9-year study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


INTRODUCTION: Ascertainment of the pattern and temporal change of biomarkers in preclinical (asymptomatic) sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) will increase knowledge about early pathogenesis and facilitate interventional therapeutic trials.

METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, repeated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections and cognitive evaluations were performed in cognitively healthy elderly individuals during a 9-year period.

RESULTS: Low CSF β-amyloid (Aβ)42 levels predicted subsequent development of clinical AD 9 years later. Noteworthy, one-third of individuals with pathologically low baseline Aβ42 levels remained cognitively intact during follow-up. No further decrease in Aβ42 was seen in those with low levels already at baseline.

DISCUSSION: CSF Aβ42 predicts sporadic AD at least 9 years before dementia onset and has plateaued already at this time. However, many individuals can harbor brain amyloid accumulation over a decade without signs of cognitive deterioration, which could implicate how CSF biomarkers are used to identify preclinical AD in future interventional therapeutic trials.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Sahlgrenska Academy
  • University College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-11
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec
Publication categoryResearch