Longitudinal evaluation of periodontitis and tooth loss among older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate pattern of change in periodontal variables and tooth loss in a twelve-year follow-up study of older adults living in Sweden. Methods: In a prospective population study of older adults, a clinical examination and radiographic dental examination were performed at baseline (2001–2003) and after 12 years (2013–2015). In 375 individuals, the number and proportion of sites with a distance ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm from cemento-enamel junction to the bone level, the number and proportion of teeth with pockets ≥5 mm and number of teeth lost were calculated. Dental caries was registered. Periodontitis was defined as having ≥2 sites with ≥5 mm distance from cemento-enamel junction to the marginal bone level and ≥1 tooth with pockets ≥5 mm. Results: A diagnosis of periodontitis was evident in 39% of the individuals, and 23% of the individuals lost ≥3 teeth over the study period. The proportion of sites with ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm bone loss increased with age, while the proportion of teeth with pockets remained stable. Periodontitis was the strongest predictor for losing ≥3 teeth, OR 2.9 (p <.001) in the final model. Conclusions: Periodontitis is a risk factor for future tooth loss among older adults.

Details

Authors
  • Helena Nilsson
  • Johan Sanmartin Berglund
  • Stefan Renvert
External organisations
  • Blekinge Institute of Technology
  • Lund University
  • Kristianstad University
  • Trinity College Dublin
  • University of Hong Kong
  • Halmstad County Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dentistry

Keywords

  • epidemiology, older adults, periodontitis, public health, tooth loss
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes