Longitudinal shortening remains the principal component of left ventricular pumping in patients with chronic myocardial infarction even when the absolute atrioventricular plane displacement is decreased

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Abstract

Background: The majority (60%) of left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (SV) is generated by longitudinal shortening causing apical atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) in systole. The remaining SV is caused by radial inward motion of the epicardium both in the septal and the lateral wall. We aimed to determine if these longitudinal, septal and lateral contributions to LVSV are changed in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Patients with a chronic (>3 months) ST-elevation MI in the left anterior descending (LAD, n = 20) or right coronary artery (RCA, n = 16) and healthy controls (n = 20) were examined with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). AVPD was quantified in long axis cine CMR images and LV volumes and dimensions in short axis cine images. Results: AVPD was decreased both in patients with LAD-MI (11 ± 1 mm, p < 0.001) and RCA-MI (13 ± 1 mm, p < 0.05) compared to controls (15 ± 0 mm). However, the longitudinal contribution to SV was unchanged for both LAD-MI (58 ± 3%, p = 0.08) and RCA-MI (59 ± 3%, p = 0.09) compared to controls (64 ± 2%). The preserved longitudinal contribution despite decreased absolute AVPD was a results of increased epicardial dimensions (p < 0.01 for LAD-MI and p = 0.06 for RCA-MI). In LAD-MI the septal contribution to LVSV was decreased (5 ± 1%) compared to both controls (10 ± 1%, p < 0.01) and patients with RCA-MIs (10 ± 1%, p < 0.01). The lateral contribution was increased in LAD-MI patients (44 ± 3%) compared to both RCA-MI (35 ± 2%, p < 0.05) and controls (29 ± 2%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Longitudinal shortening remains the principal component of left ventricular pumping in patients with chronic MI even when the absolute AVPD is decreased.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Cardiac output, Cardiac pumping, Heart failure, Late gadolinium enhancement, Mitral annular plane systolic excursion, Regional function
Original languageEnglish
Article number208
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 28
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes