Longitudinal Validation of the Diastolic to Systolic Time–Velocity Integral Ratio as a Doppler-Derived Measure of Pulmonary Regurgitation in Patients with Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is a common residual lesion and major determinant of outcome following surgical repair for tetralogy of Fallot. We sought to longitudinally study a previously described echocardiographic index as a correlate of PR measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study of patients with baseline and follow-up echocardiogram and CMR. The baseline studies were obtained as part of a research protocol, while the follow-up studies were performed for clinical purposes. On echocardiogram, the ratio of diastolic and systolic time–velocity integrals (DSTVI) in the main pulmonary artery was calculated. The Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test was used to test for individual changes in PR on echocardiogram and CMR. A linear regression of pulmonary valve regurgitant fraction (RF) was fit on DSTVI to identify clinically meaningful cut points of DSTVI. Thirty-five subjects were included, age at follow-up 18.3 ± 3.5 years. The follow-up between consecutive CMRs was a median time of 60 months (interquartile range 46–73). There was a moderate correlation between DSTVI and PR measured as RF by CMR (r = 0.62, p = 0.0001). A CMR RF of 20 and 40 % (the boundaries between mild/moderate and moderate/severe PR) corresponded with DSTVI of 0.52 and 0.79 (95 % CI 0.39; 0.66, and 0.69; 89), respectively. There was no significant change in either DSTVI (p = 0.61) or PR (p = 0.89) from baseline to follow-up. This study lends further credence to the DSTVI as an accurate reflection of PR. This index might become helpful in the routine echocardiographic assessment of PR. Further studies are needed to determine whether changes in RF by CMR result in changes in DSTVI.


  • Misha Bhat
  • Elizabeth Goldmuntz
  • Mark A. Fogel
  • Jack Rychik
  • Laura Mercer-Rosa
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • University of Pennsylvania
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Pediatrics


  • Echocardiogram, Pulmonary insufficiency, Regurgitation, Tetralogy of Fallot
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-246
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Issue number2
Early online date2016 Nov 11
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb
Publication categoryResearch