Long-term exposure to glucose and lipids inhibits glucose-induced insulin secretion downstream of granule fusion with plasma membrane.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mouse beta-cells cultured at 15 mmol/l glucose for 72 h had reduced ATP-sensitive K+ (K-ATP) channel activity (-30%), increased voltage-gated Ca2+ currents, higher intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca-i(2+]) +160%), more exocytosis (monitored by capacitance measurements, +100%), and greater insulin content (+230%) than those cultured at 4.5 mmol/l glucose. However, they released 20% less insulin when challenged with 20 mmol/l glucose. Glucose-induced (20 mmol/l) insulin secretion was reduced by 60-90% in islets cocultured at 4.5 or 15 mmol/l glucose and either oleate or palmitate (0.5 mmol/l). Free fatty acid (FFA)induced inhibition of secretion was not associated with any major changes in [Ca2+](i) or islet ATP content. Palmitate stimulated exocytosis by twofold or more but reduced V-induced secretion by up to 60%. Basal (1 mmol/l glucose) K-ATP channel activity was 40% lower in islets cultured at 4.5 mmol/l glucose plus palmitate and 60% lower in islets cultured at 15 mmol/l glucose plus either of the FFAs. Insulin content decreased by 75% in islets exposed to FFAs in the presence of high (15 mmol/l), but not low (4.5 mmol/l), glucose concentrations, but the number of secre tory granules was unchanged. FFA-induced inhibition of insulin secretion was not associated with increased tran script levels of the apoptosis markers Bax (BclII-associated X protein) and caspase-3. We conclude that glucose and FFAs reduce insulin secretion by interference with the exit of insulin via the fusion pore.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1888-1897
JournalDiabetes
Volume56
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Islet cell physiology (013212142), Pediatrics/Urology/Gynecology/Endocrinology (013240400), Islet cell exocytosis (013212135), Molecular Endocrinology (013212018), Faculty of Medicine (000022000)