Long-term retromuscular and intraperitoneal mesh size changes within a randomized controlled trial on incisional hernia repair, including a review of the literature

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract: Purpose Ingrowth of fibroblasts in a polypropylene mesh may cause contraction and a later recurrence. We assessed mesh contraction in intraabdominal and retromuscular implantation after incisional hernia repair. Methods: A cohort of patients within an RCT on laparoscopic (LHR) versus open hernia repair (OHR) had their mesh borders marked with metal clips. X-ray was performed on postoperative day 1 and after 1 year. Total length, width, and dislocation were measured. A tacker fixated large-pore polypropylene mesh was used in LHR, and a retromuscular small-pore heavy-weight mesh was sutured to the midline in OHR. Patient’s pain was assessed before surgery and after 1 year. Results: For analysis 37/47 patients remained: 20 LHR and 17 OHR. Hernia defect area was median 41 cm2 in LHR and 25 cm2 in OHR (p < 0.140). Implanted mesh size was 300 cm2 for LHR and 240 cm2 for OHR (p < 0.341). After 1 year the mesh area decreased by 4.4% and 0.5% in LHR and OHR, respectively (p < 0.063). Longitudinal distance decreased by 2.8% in LHR and by 2.6% in OHR (p < 0.269). Transverse distance decreased by 1.6% in LHR but increased by 3.1% in OHR (p < 0.005). Dislocation was seen in four LHR and one OHR. Two recurrent and one port-site hernia were diagnosed after LHR. Measurements between observers were identical in 58% and consensus was made in the remainder. Pain was not correlated to mesh area change. Conclusions: Mesh contraction after 1 year is not a clinical issue for an intraperitoneal large-pore mesh or a retromuscular small-pore mesh. It is not correlated to postoperative pain.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery

Keywords

  • Incisional hernia repair, IPOM, Mesh contraction, Retromuscular mesh
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalHernia
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 20
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes