Looking at the keyboard or the monitor: relationship with text production processes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper we explored text production differences in an expository text production task between writers who looked mainly at the keyboard and writers who looked mainly at the monitor. Eye-tracking technology and keystroke-logging were combined to systematically describe and define these two groups in respect of the complex interplay between text production and the reading of one's own emerging text. Findings showed that monitor gazers typed significantly faster and were more productive writers. They also read their own text more, and they frequently read in parallel with writing. Analysis of fixation durations suggests that more cognitive processing is in use during reading in parallel with writing than during reading in pauses. Keyboard gazers used the left and right cursor keys significantly more. We suggest that this is because they revised their texts in a much more serial mode than monitor gazers. Finally, analysis of the characteristics of the final texts showed no differences between the groups.

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Authors
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Human Aspects of ICT
  • General Language Studies and Linguistics

Keywords

  • Visual attention, Reading during writing, Typing, Eye-tracking, Keystroke-logging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-851
JournalReading and Writing
Volume23
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Linguistics and Phonetics (015010003), Humanities Lab (015101200)

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