Low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy on laterally grown InxGa1-xAs nanowire devices

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Abstract

Laterally grown InxGa1-xAs nanowires (NWs) are promising candidates for radio frequency and quantum computing applications, which, however, can require atomic scale surface and interface control. This is challenging to obtain, not least due to ambient air exposure between fabrication steps, which induces surface oxidation. The geometric and electronic surface structures of InxGa1-xAs NWs and contacts, which were grown directly in a planar configuration, exposed to air, and then subsequently cleaned using atomic hydrogen, are studied using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/S). Atomically flat facets witha root mean square roughness of 0.12 nm and the InGaAs (001) 4 × 2 surface reconstruction areobserved on the top facet of the NWs and the contacts. STS shows a surface bandgap variation of 30 meV from the middle to the end of the NWs, which is attributed to a compositional variation of the In/Ga element concentration. The well-defined facets and small bandgap variations found after area selective growth and atomic hydrogen cleaning are a good starting point for achieving high-quality interfaces during further processing.

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  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nano Technology
Original languageEnglish
Article number163101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume117
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes