LRN 2016 SPECIAL – high capacity vehicles and modal shift from rail to road: combining macro and micro analyses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper addresses a road transport policy of allowing high capacity vehicles (HCVs) on the roads. The purpose is to examine the effect reduced road transport costs from HCVs can have on a modal shift. Two studies of HCV implementation in Sweden were combined. A micro-based case study modelled the distribution network of a major retailer in scenarios based on actual cost and flow data. A macro analysis was conducted of the cross-elasticity between rail and road combined with detailed price changes for lorries considering the product characteristics in different industries. The results show the long-term effects of HCVs on the modal shift for heavier, and heavier and longer vehicles. The combined approach triangulates the results and highlights the effects of logistics decision-making, transport network characteristics, and time. It emphasises linkages between modal shift and road transport efficiency, price reductions, geographical characteristics, product types, train organisation, and the capacity of HCVs.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Transport Systems and Logistics


  • Environment, high capacity vehicle, modal shift, road transport, Sweden, transport policy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-132
JournalInternational Journal of Logistics Research and Applications
Issue number2
Early online date2018 Feb 14
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 4
Publication categoryResearch