Mainstreaming climate adaptation: taking stock about “what works” from empirical research worldwide

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Mainstreaming climate adaptation : taking stock about “what works” from empirical research worldwide. / Runhaar, Hens; Wilk, Bettina; Persson, Åsa; Uittenbroek, Caroline; Wamsler, Christine.

In: Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 18, No. 4, 04.2018, p. 1201-1210.

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Runhaar, Hens ; Wilk, Bettina ; Persson, Åsa ; Uittenbroek, Caroline ; Wamsler, Christine. / Mainstreaming climate adaptation : taking stock about “what works” from empirical research worldwide. In: Regional Environmental Change. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 1201-1210.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Mainstreaming climate adaptation

T2 - Regional Environmental Change

AU - Runhaar, Hens

AU - Wilk, Bettina

AU - Persson, Åsa

AU - Uittenbroek, Caroline

AU - Wamsler, Christine

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - Adaptation to a changing climate is unavoidable. Mainstreaming climate adaptation objectives into existing policies, as opposed to developing dedicated adaptation policy, is widely advocated for public action. However, knowledge on what makes mainstreaming effective is scarce and fragmented. Against this background, this paper takes stock of peer-reviewed empirical analyses of climate adaptation mainstreaming, in order to assess current achievements and identify the critical factors that render mainstreaming effective. The results show that although in most cases adaptation policy outputs are identified, only in a minority of cases this translates into policy outcomes. This “implementation gap” is most strongly seen in developing countries. However, when it comes to the effectiveness of outcomes, we found no difference across countries. We conclude that more explicit definitions and unified frameworks for adaptation mainstreaming research are required to allow for future research syntheses and well-informed policy recommendations.

AB - Adaptation to a changing climate is unavoidable. Mainstreaming climate adaptation objectives into existing policies, as opposed to developing dedicated adaptation policy, is widely advocated for public action. However, knowledge on what makes mainstreaming effective is scarce and fragmented. Against this background, this paper takes stock of peer-reviewed empirical analyses of climate adaptation mainstreaming, in order to assess current achievements and identify the critical factors that render mainstreaming effective. The results show that although in most cases adaptation policy outputs are identified, only in a minority of cases this translates into policy outcomes. This “implementation gap” is most strongly seen in developing countries. However, when it comes to the effectiveness of outcomes, we found no difference across countries. We conclude that more explicit definitions and unified frameworks for adaptation mainstreaming research are required to allow for future research syntheses and well-informed policy recommendations.

KW - Climate change adaptation

KW - Climate policy integration

KW - Mainstreaming

KW - State-of-the-art

KW - Systematic literature review

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-017-1259-5

DO - 10.1007/s10113-017-1259-5

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 1201

EP - 1210

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1436-3798

IS - 4

ER -